Wednesday, January 18, 2012

Writing situation-based essay

Problem: Your friend is having problems with teenage child. Tell your friend what you would do in his situation.

You should try to understand your child because it is not easy being fifteen or sixteen. It is a time of conflicting feelings and desires. Of course, your kid wants to go out and have some fun, have a social life, have a boyfriend or a girlfriend, maybe start a serious relationship.

You, as a parent, are worrying because important public exams are clouding the horizon and schoolwork is becoming more and more demanding. Your child wants you to treat him like an adult though he still depends on you for money, food and practical help. You are irritated because your kid is experimenting with his own self-image. However, maybe, he is experiencing hard times because his old friends have dropped him.

Those tactless adults who tell him to "make the most of the best years of your life because it's all downhill after you leave school", at home and among his peers do not help these feelings of pressure and conflict at school.

As you are a friend of mine, I would not think of you being tactless. Mind your child's feelings and desires! Be attentive to his needs! Your kid belongs to the generation of teenagers who are a lot busier than those adults were 30 or 40 years ago.

He is impossibly busy trying to get homework done, revising for a science test, playing in a match, rehearsing for a play, going to a friend's party. Besides, your child is not so bad. He is only trying to solve his money shortage by doing a part-time job.

At the same time, you are expecting more help from him at home with washing-up, baby-sitting and other domestic duties. You should realize that he is longing for establishing priorities but you, as a parent, want to do it for him. However, there is a difference between his own and your parent's priorities that makes family life explosive when your child is 16.

You don't worry too much about whether your child is popular, having a social life or going out with friends. Instead, you emphasize the importance of doing well at school and getting good or even excellent exam results. Your child knows that you are right, that he must have qualifications to get anywhere in this competitive world.

Nevertheless, try to understand that at the same time your kid realizes that however brilliantly he does in his exams, he won't be happy if he does not have any friends. He knows better than you know that if he does not collect new experiences and take social and emotional risks, he will not become an independent and self-reliant adult.

You should find the words of comfort or useful advice that you could give to your teenager. He must decide on his priorities even if he won't always make the right choice. Living with his parents won't last forever. Let him enjoy having a fridge full of food and his laundry done for him.

Please, remember being a teenager only lasts a couple of years. Be realistic, don't try to change him. Don't compare him with other kids. Your child is unique! So, let him have his own life!

Tuesday, January 10, 2012

St. Paul's Cathedral

Sir Christopher Wren — the most famous of all English architects, designed St Paul's Cathedral. St Paul's Cathedral is the fifth church built on the same site. The earliest cathedral was erected in 604. The second, built in stone in 675—685, was burned by the Danes in 962, and the third was destroyed by fire in 1087. The Normans rebuilt it in 1180.

After its destruction in the Great Fire of London in 1666, it was rebuilt by Sir Christopher Wren. It took him 35 years to plan and build St Paul's Cathedral, which was completed in 1710.

The most notable feature of it is the enormous dome. The Whispering Gallery which fascinates all visitors is situated beneath the dome. In this Gallery the slightest whisper is audible 100 feet away. In the North Tower of the Cathedral there is a peal of twelve bells, while in the South or Clock Tower there is the largest bell in England, the Great Paul.

Inside the cathedral one can see many monuments to generals and admirals. Admiral Nelson is buried here too. When Christopher Wren died he was buried in the cathedral which his genius and toil had created. On his tomb one can read the Latin inscription "If you look for his monument — look around".

Wednesday, October 12, 2011

Essay Example - Relaxation


Your friend looks very tired, and you know he could use some rest. Convince him to take it easy.


Oh, dear! You look so worn-out and exhausted! Maybe, you are fed up with your work or schooling, aren't you? There is too much work to do and you are unable to solve the problems of the whole world. You must stop overdoing it (work too hard) - you will make yourself ill! You should find the ways to brighten your life.
It seems to me that it is just the matter of relaxation. So, try to be outdoors as much as possible because nothing could be better than a good walk. As for me, you should enjoy every minute outside in winter sunshine or go somewhere to sunny destinations.

Then, I would like you to fight off your tiredness with good food. Vitamin C, by the way, is a great agent against disease and stress. I would suggest the vegetables, such as green and yellow beans, soybeans, cauliflower, and cabbage, to you. All of them contain a lot of vitamin А, В and C. Besides, foods such as breakfast cereal, pasta or potatoes are rich in carbohydrates, which can help you to lift your spirits.

I know that Americans worry about relaxing. They take classes to learn how to relax. They read books that tell them how "to take easy". Relaxing is a multi-dollar industry in the USA. So, why not master this skill and do it on your own without paying much money? The easiest way to relax is to play any kind of sports you like. People who play a lot of sports often do better in exams and cope with their work people of the same intellectual level, who do not take regular exercise.
Then, if you are experiencing fatigue and mental cloudiness, you should analyze your moods. If you feel down, stop and work out where your negative thoughts are coming from. Gradually, you should be able to learn to control your thoughts and moods more beneficially.

Try to divide your time between work and leisure equally. Here, I would like to mention one well-known English proverb "All work and no play make Jack a dull boy". It is fair because only hard work without any rest can do a lot of harm to your health. It may cause serious illnesses and spoil your eyesight as well. Another thing to remember is that people are not machines. They should have a break. That is why, don't be so busy and strained, enjoy your life and keep smiling.

Sunday, October 9, 2011

Perfect Essay Example - School Transfer

I would like to show you a great example of an essay for high school students.

Task: You are studying at a very prestigious school. Your best friend would like to transfer to your school. Advise him/her on what to do to be accepted.


I am studying at a very prestigious school now. Therefore, I'd like to tell you some words about it. There are many advantages to choosing our school. You will be offered more than just an English language package. It places great importance on out-of-classroom activities and offers students a varied programme of recreational and cultural activities. This will enable you to put your English into practice and extend your vocabulary while enjoying yourself at the same time. Our school has the well-being of its students at heart and that is why you can turn for advice and help to any of our highly qualified teachers. All of them are remarkable specialists in their fields of knowledge and, in addition, they are just wonderful people to speak to and you may freely open your mind to them.

Moreover, if our school interests you, you together with your parents may come to our principal directly. She will be happy to give you more detailed information about school and its extra courses to help you make your choice. To get accepted to our school depends on how old you are, your reasons for learning English and basic subjects, how much time you have and how you learn best because our school accepts only those who are fond of learning and need advanced studies in English, computer skills and economics.

The school fee is also important because our school is not a charitable organization. You must pay for studying here. Moreover, the fee is rather high. Therefore, you should think first if you would be able to pay for your studies at our school. You see that an unwritten rule in many countries says it is not so important what you know but school you have finished or university you have graduated. A diploma from a renowned university often guarantees success in life and a high position in society. To the best of my knowledge, it concerns our school too.

In addition, the level of education is also so high that you must possess profound knowledge in various subjects. It is commonly known that the students who have finished our school are much more likely to pass the entrance exams to famous universities than those who have not studied in our school. It is not surprising that 98 per-cent of our school-leavers enter prestigious educational establishments to get higher education there and they do have a very high pass rate. A school-leaving certificate given by our school is proof of the level you have achieved and can be very useful for you in future.

So, try to be admitted to our exclusive school and you will not be sorry for being one of those who managed to get to this school for the elite and the privileged. For us, here, in our school, the privileged are the people who enjoy studying and getting knowledge. Your intellect makes you an elitist. Believe in yourself and join us right now.

Monday, July 25, 2011

Imitative words

Imitative words are words which very sounds suggest their meaning. According to many linguistic theories, the first words spoken by man were imitations of sounds.

Our language today contains a great many imitative words, such as buzz, crackle, splash, wail. The use of imitative words is onomatopoeia, the words are onomatopoeic.

When you wish to use imitative words remember, that in general, verbs beginning with fl carry the idea of lightness and quickness of motion, as in float, flash, flame, flicker, flee, flutter, flow, fly, flit, flip.

Some words ending in -ash suggest a loud confused noise, as in crash, smash, splash, dash. The syllable -ang appears in many words suggestive of brazen resonance, as in clang, bang, rang, jangle.

The syllables -ink and -ing suggest cold brittleness, as in tinkle, clink, twinkle, jingle, tingle. О sound in suggestive of slowness, solemnity and often melancholy, as in toll, roll, flow, blow, old.


Argumentation - is any exchange of ideas designed to prove the truth or falsity of a definite statement, to influence either the behaviour or belief of an individual or a group. A great deal of our daily speech takes the form of an informal argument.

Every complete argument consists of 3 distinct parts: the introduction, the body, the conclusion.

The introduction is a statement of the proposition to be argued. The statement must be in the beginning of the discussion. It also must be an assertion. We cannot argue the subject "Immigration", for example; we must set up a statement with which someone may reasonably differ, as, perhaps, "Restricted immigration is a menace to the welfare of the United States."

The body of the argument is the proceeding when every participant of the argument gives the reasons for the opinion he holds. There are 6 kinds of proof which could be used to support one's own opinion:

1. General illustrations.
2. Specific illustrations.
3. Personal testimony.
4. Testimony of other witnesses.
5. Written evidence.
6. Circumstantial evidence.

The conclusion of the argument is what may be justly inferred from the facts presented, when all the proof has been assembled and shown to be trustworthy.

Wednesday, July 20, 2011

Ways to achieve the essential clearness of the exposition

Exposition is an explanation of a theory, plan. Half of our speech is exposition, though we may not be aware of that fact. It plays an important part in our everyday relationships. The office equipment salesman explains to his prospective buyer the superiority of steel desks over those made of wood; the physician explains to his patient the dangers of infection; the mother explains to her child what makes the day and night.

Exposition has as its object making clear a general term or principle. In this it differs from description and narration, both of which describe specific instances of things. If you embody description and narration in your explanation, you must subordinate them.

There are few simple rules that everyone can follow to achieve the essential clearness of the exposition:

1) know your subject matter thoroughly;
2) present your statements in logical order; (start with the simple and proceed to the complex);
3) be as brief as is consistent with an adequate explanation;
4) suit your language to your audience;
5) illustrate general principles by concrete examples; (introduce comparison, contrast, description, narration);
6) use precise terms;
7) make exact statements.

Perhaps, the most familiar kind of formal exposition is the newspaper or magazine editorial, because they use some event of immediate interest as an example of a general truth.
Other forms of exposition are the essay, the monograph and the treatise (textbooks and other long didactic explanations).

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